Adjectives

Adjectives describe nouns.  Single-word adjectives come before the nouns that they describe.

          They washed their dirty  faces.

          Ahmed drove down the empty  street.

          A loud  crash woke me up.

         

Past participles can function as single word

adjectives.  Like other single-word adjectives,

adjectival past participles will come before

the nouns they describe.

         The confused  student approached her instructor.

         They found the lost  earring under the couch.

         Mario iced his swollen  knee.


Determiners function as adjectives.  Words from different parts of speech make up determiners.  Determiners come before the nouns they modify.

          The  dog ate our pizza.

           Teddy and Beth saw a  movie.

           Every  student passed the  test.

           These  apples need to be thrown away.

           Three  children missed the  bus  this  morning

          

Possessive pronouns function as adjectives.  Possessive pronouns come before the nouns they describe.

          His  sister is planning to attend Harvard University.

          A tornado destroyedtheir  house.

          We enjoyed our  vacation.


Possessive nouns function as adjectives.  Possessive nouns come before the nouns they describe.

         Martha's  job is being cut in June.

         I need to babysit Tony's  kids tomorrow night.


Prepositional phrases can function as adjectives.  Prepositional phrases that describe nouns come directly after the nouns they describe.

          A man  in a red car passed me on the shoulder.

          We saw a deer  with a broken leg.

          Oliver married a woman  from Texas


Infinitive phrases can function as adjectives.  Infinitive phrases that describe nouns come directly after the nouns they describe.

          Daniesha's dream  to go to Europe will come true this summer.

          My neighbor's decision  to cut down his trees has upset the

                    neighborhood.


Present participles can function as adjectives.  Present participles that function as adjectives come directly before the nouns they describe.

          We slept next to the gurgling stream.

          She poured a steamingcup of coffee.


Present participial phrases can function as adjectives.  Present participial phrases that describe nouns come directly after the nouns they describe.

           The officer ticketed a man  driving recklessly.

           Kim fixed the pipe  dripping water


Past participial phrases can function as adjectives.  Past participial phrases that describe nouns come directly after the nouns they describe.

           The teacher helped the student  confused by the assignment.

           She repaired the window  broken in the storm.


Relative clauses can function as adjectives.  Relative clauses that describe nouns come directly after the nouns they describe.

           I lost to the boy  who ended up winning the tournament.

           The test, which is worth a hundred points, takes place tomorrow.

           Lizzy saw the movie  that won the Academy Award.

           We met the man  whom Sandra married.

 

Grammargrounds grammar education is a free, comprehensive site with instruction, videos, quizzes, and more.  The English teacher looking for tools, the student looking for some extra help, or the new English speaker hoping to master the language will find what he or she is looking for here. ‚Äč

GrammarGrounds Grammar Education

GrammarGrounds Grammar Education


 Grammar WELL- GroUNDED