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All clauses contain a subject and a verb.  This distinguishes clauses from phrases, which are missing either a subject or a verb or both.  Clauses can be independent clauses or dependent clauses.

--Every sentence needs at least one independent clause.  

--A sentence with one clause only is called a simple sentence.

--A sentence with two independent clauses is called a compound sentence.

--A sentence with one independent clause and one dependent clause is called a complex sentence.