Grammargrounds grammar education is a free, comprehensive site with instruction, videos, quizzes, and more.  The English teacher looking for tools, the student looking for some extra help, or the new English speaker hoping to master the language will find what he or she is looking for here. ​

GrammarGrounds Grammar Education

GrammarGrounds Grammar Education


 Grammar WELL- GroUNDED

 

These activities will check your understanding of essay development.  Essay Development Activity 1 is an out-of-order essay about the problems of going to movie theaters.  Essay Development Activity 2 is an out-of-order essay about the diverse African continent.  Essay Development Activity 3 is an out-of-order essay about the Great Pyramid.  These three activities ask you to organize the paragraphs logically.  Use the thesis statements as "maps" for the body paragraphs. Essay Development Activity 4 is the most challenging.  It is also an out-of-order essay. However, the sentences within each paragraph as well as the paragraphs themselves are out of order.  


The outlining page will teach you how to organize information into an outline.  This is an important step in the writing process.  There are two outlining activities on the outlining page that will test your ability to organize information.  


You can check your answers for all of the activities. 

Example

According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, individuals who continue their education after high school face unemployment less frequently and earn significantly more money during their lifetime.  Students who want to continue their education have many choices, but many of these choices do not meet the needs of the majority of students because of high costs, limited program opportunities, and aloof instructors. This means that their choices, which seem vast at first, are actually quite limited.  Fortunately, limited choice does not mean compromised education.  One school that can meet the needs of all students is Saint Paul College.  High school students who plan to continue their education after high school should consider enrolling at Saint Paul College to save money,to be able to choose from a wide variety of programs, and to learn from great instructors.



One reason that high school students should consider Saint Paul College is the fact that they will save money.  First, compared to other schools, tuition at Saint Paul College is relatively inexpensive.  For example, a credit at Saint Paul College is under two hundred dollars while a credit at the University of Minnesota is almost five hundred dollars, and a credit at Saint Thomas University is over a thousand dollars.  Consequently, after two years of classes, a Saint Paul College student will pay $18,000 less than a University of Minnesota student and $48,000 less than a University of Saint Thomas student.  It is true that students cannot earn a Bachelor's Degree at Saint Paul College, but credits from Saint Paul College transfer easily to four-year colleges and universities, so students who attend Saint Paul College for two years can use the money they save to help pay for their additional education.  Also, many high school students qualify for full-tuition scholarships such as Power of You, which means they can get an Associate's Degree, a diploma, or a certificate without spending their savings or taking out loans.  Furthermore, Saint Paul College is located just a few blocks from downtown Saint Paul, next to major bus and light-rail lines, so Saint Paul College students can attend classes without needing to own a car and pay for parking.  Clearly, going to Saint Paul College is more financially realistic than going to most other schools.



Another reason high school students should consider Saint Paul College is Saint Paul College offers a wider variety of programs than other schools.  As already noted, students who plan on obtaining a four-year degree can get their Associate's Degree at Saint Paul College.  With an Associate's Degree, these students are half way to a Bachelor's Degree, and they can transfer to any four-year institution to finish.  However, not all students are interested in continuing on for Bachelor's Degree.  For them, Saint Paul College offers many terminal academic and technical degree programs from Accounting to Web Design.  Additionally, high school students hoping to enter the work force quicker can choose from a variety of certificate programs.  In less than a year, a Saint Paul College student can become a certified yoga instructor, esthetician, medical transcriptionist, or Java programmer.  Regardless of a student's interests and talents, he or she will find something at Saint Paul College.



Finally, high school students should consider continuing their education at Saint Paul College because they will learn from great instructors. First of all, instructors at Saint Paul College are experts in whatever they teach.  Those who teach academic courses have advanced degrees while those who teach technical courses have years of real-world experience.  These instructors are not only experts in the fields they teach; more importantly, they are experts at delivering their course material to a wide range of students.  As a teacher, knowledge means little if a teacher cannot pass his or her knowledge to students in the classroom.  Regardless of how well a teacher teaches, some students will struggle.  Fortunately, instructors at Saint Paul College understand this, and they are all willing to work with struggling students outside of class.  Because of the great instructors at Saint Paul College, students who are willing to learn what they need to learn will learn what they need to learn.



In today's economy, workers need advanced education and training.  This advanced education and training will not only make workers more employable and financially secure; this advanced education and training will also enhance a worker's work-life satisfaction.  Students graduating from high school have many choices for receiving advanced education and training, but the low cost, variety of programs, and great instructors at Saint Paul College should make the decision an easy one.     

Essay Pattern

Introductory Paragraph

    Hook

    Bridge

    Thesis Statement






Body Paragraph #1

Topic Sentence (supports thesis statement)

     Supporting Sentence #1 

              Detail

     Supporting Sentence #2

              Detail

     Supporting Sentence #3

              Detail

 Concluding Sentence






Body Paragraph #2

Topic Sentence (supports     thesis statement)

      Supporting Sentence #1

              Detail

     Supporting Sentence #2

              Detail

     Supporting Sentence #3

              Detail

Concluding Sentence



Body Paragraph #3

Topic Sentence (supports      thesis statement)

     Supporting Sentence #1

              Detail

     Supporting Sentence #2

              Detail

     Supporting Sentence #3

              Detail

     Concluding Sentence



Concluding Paragraph

      Summarize Main Points

      Revisit Hook/ Provide         Insight

                   Essays

An essay is a group of paragraphs that share a single topic and main idea.  The topic and main idea are expressed in the thesis statement.  A thesis statement can come anywhere in an essay, but writing instructors typically recommend that their students put the thesis statement at the end of the introduction.  Then, introduction is followed by the essay's body, which sets out to defend the thesis statement.  Transitions are important between supporting ideas to help the ideas flow together.  Finally, an essay end with a conclusion.  An essay can be any length, but every essay has these three components: introduction, body, conclusion.