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               Gerunds

Gerunds are ing verbs that function as nouns in a sentence.

          --Walter enjoys reading.                                       Reading is the direct object.


          --Studying is important.                                         Studying is the subject.


          --With careful planning, Roberto

          saved for a comfortable retirement.              Planning is the object of a

                                                                                          prepositional phrase.


          --To go running  in the winter, Ariel

          bought insulated shoes.                            Running is the object of an

                                                                                          infinitive phrase.