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There are two types of noun clauses.
1) that clause--a that clause begins with the word that; a subject and a verb follow the word that.
That his team would lose was obvious. The that clause is the subject.
Shukri hopes that she will graduate next spring. The that clause is a direct object.
In less-formal writing and speaking, the word that can sometimes be removed.
Shukri hopes she will graduate next spring.
2) wh clause--a wh clause begins with words such as what, why, or how; a subject and a verb follow the wh word.
She did not agree withwhat the senator said. The wh clause is an object of a preposition.
I cannot understand why Doua sold his house. The wh clause is the direct object.
How she performed the trick remains a mystery. The wh clause is the subject.