Grammargrounds grammar education is a free, comprehensive site with instruction, videos, quizzes, and more.  The English teacher looking for tools, the student looking for some extra help, or the new English speaker hoping to master the language will find what he or she is looking for here. ‚Äč

GrammarGrounds Grammar Education

GrammarGrounds Grammar Education


 Grammar WELL- GroUNDED

 

Essays                           

Introductory Paragraph

    Hook

    Bridge

    Thesis Statement

Body Paragraph #1

    Topic Sentence (supports thesis statement)

        Supporting Sentence #1 

              Detail

        Supporting Sentence #2

              Detail

        Supporting Sentence #3

              Detail

      Concluding Sentence

Body Paragraph #2

    Topic Sentence (supports thesis statement)

        Supporting Sentence #1

              Detail

        Supporting Sentence #2

              Detail

        Supporting Sentence #3

              Detail

      Concluding Sentence

Body Paragraph #3

    Topic Sentence (supports thesis statement)

        Supporting Sentence #1

              Detail

        Supporting Sentence #2

              Detail

        Supporting Sentence #3

              Detail

      Concluding Sentence

Concluding Paragraph

      Summarize Main Points

      Revisit Hook/ Provide Insight


The topic sentence of a paragraph and the thesis statement of an essay do essentially the same thing: they highlight a topic and a controlling idea.  In a paragraph, the supporting sentences support the topic sentence.  In an essay, the body paragraphs support the thesis statement.  Read this paragraph and essay about Saint Paul College to better understand the similar structure of a paragraph and essay.  For an additional example, read this paragraph and essay about becoming a personal trainer.

Paragraphs                                               

Topic Sentence                  

   Supporting Sentence #1             (supports topic sentence)     

       Detail (explains supporting sentence #1)

   Supporting Sentence 2 

   (supports topic sentence)      

       Detail (explains supporting sentence #2)

   Supporting Sentence #3         (supports topic sentence)     

       Detail (explains supporting sentence #3)

Concluding Sentence


       Paragraphs and Essays

Paragraphs and essays share a basic organizational scheme.  In short, both paragraphs and essays must be focused, organized, and developed.  This page summarizes the common characteristics of paragraphs and essays.  For in-depth instruction on paragraph and essay development, click on the blue tabs below.