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This quiz checks understanding of parts of speech, subjects versus objects, and verb tense.
This video reviews some of the parts of speech, explains how to manipulate words into other parts of speech, and discusses how an understanding of parts of speech will improve reading comprehension.
Parts of Speech In the English language, there are eight parts of speech:
For a comprehensive definition and examples of each part of speech, click on the blue links above.
Below is a brief definition of each part of speech.
Nouns are words that identify people, places, things, concepts, and ideas.
Pronouns are words that replace nouns.
Verbs are words that identify actions or link a subject to a word or phrase that describes or renames the subject.
Adjectivesare words that describe nouns.
Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
Prepositions are words that show a relationship.
Conjunctions are words that join words, phrases, or clauses together.
Interjections are words that exclaim, protest, or command.
Every word is fits into one of these parts of speech. Some words can function as more than one part of speech depending on how the word is used in a sentence.
For example, notice the word criminal in the following sentences.
The police arrested the criminal.
The police arrested the man because of his criminal activities.
While the word criminal functions as a noun in the first sentence, the word criminal functions as an adjective in the second sentence.
Understanding parts of speech is necessary to use words correctly in sentences.
Furthermore, understanding parts of speech will improve reading comprehension; if a reader knows the part of speech of an unfamiliar word, he or she will at least understand the function of the word. This will better enable the reader to determine the meaning of the word based on contextual clues.
Finally, understanding parts of speech will help one expand his or her vocabulary. Many words can be manipulated (changed) into words of different parts of speech. For example, the verb contemplate can be changed into the noun contemplation.