A phrase is a group of words with a meaning but without a subject or a verb. A group of words with a subject and a verb is a clause.
A phrase alone is never a complete sentence. In other words, a phrase alone is a sentence fragment.
There are many types of phrases.
absolute phrase His test finished, Thad sighed heavily and left the classroom.
appositive phrase My cousin Margi, an elite marathon runner, trains for
twenty hours every week.
gerund phrase Mario and Latoya enjoy watching old movies.
infinitive phrase Luther hopes to attend the University of Chicago.
past participial phrase Confused by assignment, Betty approached her professor.
present participial phrase Driving to work, my sister got a flat tire.
prepositional phrase They hiked over the mountain.
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