A phrase is a group of words with a meaning but without a subject or a verb.  A group of words with a subject and a verb is a  clause.    

A phrase alone is never a complete sentence.  In other words, a phrase alone is a sentence fragment.

There are many types of phrases.

absolute phrase              His test finished, Thad sighed heavily and left the classroom.


appositive phrase            My cousin Margi, an elite marathon runner, trains for        

                                   twenty hours every week.

gerund phrase                Mario and Latoya enjoy watching old movies.


infinitive phrase               Luther hopes to attend the University of Chicago.

past participial phrase       Confused by assignment, Betty approached her professor.

present participial phrase   Driving to work, my sister got a flat tire. 

prepositional phrase         They hiked over the mountain.




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