Pronouns and Antecedents

Pronouns replace nouns.

A noun that is replaced by a pronoun is called an antecedent

          Examples:

          --When Braxton heard the news, she cheered.

                    Braxton = antecedent

                    she = pronoun

          --Tommy couldn't fall asleep because he drank three cans of                      Mountain Dew while watching a movie.

                    Tommy = antecedent

                    he = pronoun 

          --After Khalid brought his grade from a D to a B, the teacher                      recommended him for Student of the Month. 

                   Khalid = antecedent

                   his, him = pronouns


Pronouns can be subjective, objective, or possessive.  


Subjective pronouns act as subjects in sentences.

--he

--she

--it

--we

--who

--whoever


Objective pronouns act as objects in sentences.

--him

--her

--it

--us

--whom

--whomever


Possessive pronouns show ownership in sentences.


Indefinite pronouns do not refer to any specific noun.

singular: another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, little, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, somebody, someone, something
Plural: both, few, many, others, several
Singular or Plural: all, any, more, most, none, some


Some indefinite pronouns can be determiners and come before nouns.

--Any student who did badly on the test can retake it.
--All  homework should be completed by tomorrow.

--Both children arrived on time. 
--Each boy has his own bedroom.
--Either book is a good choice.
--Every school will be closed due to tomorrow's storm.
--Few people have climbed to the top.
--Many people have seen the movie.


Demonstrative Pronouns (this, that, these, those) can also be determiners.
--This book is excellent.  
--That book is excellent.  
--These books are excellent.  
--Those books are excellent.  


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