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 Grammar WELL- GroUNDED

 

             Subjects

Every clause needs a subject.  The subject identifies who or what the clause is about.  

A subject can be a noun, a pronoun, a noun phrase, or a noun clause.


Subjects can be singular, plural, or compound.

     A woman from my office bikes to work every day.  (singular subject)

        The students worked together on their project.  (plural subject)

        For spring break, Jason and Marquis plan to go to Chicago.  (compound subject)

A simple subject is the main word or words of a subject.  A complete subject is the main word or words of a subject and any words that modify the subject.


In the simple sentences below, simple subjects are underlined, and the complete subjects are green.

      The man from down the street  renovated his house last spring.

      My mom's coworker is coming over for dinner.

      Confused by the assignment, Becky approached her teacher for help.

      Playing soccer, Alexandra sprained her ankle.

      The only student to get a perfect score on the pretest, LeBron tutored            

                  his classmates the entire unit. 

In the compound sentences below, simple subjects are underlined, and the complete subjects are green.

      My sister and her best friend  went to the mall, but the mall was closed.     

      A man in a red mini-van drove into a ditch, so a tow-truck had to pull him

                out.

      Confused by the assignment, Becky approached her teacher for help, and

               her teacher explained the assignment again.

In the complex sentences below, simple subjects are underlined, and the complete subjects are green.

      My sister and her best friendcould not get what they needed at the mall

                because it was closed.      

      When a man in a red mini-van drove into a ditch, a tow-truck came to pull

                him out.

In the compound-complex below, simple subjects are underlined, and the complete subjects are green.
     Ahmed, a man in my composition class, could not finish his paper on time
               because he was in a car accident, so the professor gave him an
               extension.