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 Transitional Expressions
Transitional expressions highlight the relationship between ideas. Typically, transitional expressions come before an independent clause that relates to a previous idea.

Example: Isaac exercises regularly; therefore, he is in good shape.

As the example shows, when a transitional expression comes before an independent clause, the transitional expression is followed by a comma.


Transitional expressions that join ideas together:
moreover
furthermore
in addition
additionally
besides
also

Example: I need to write a major research paper; furthermore, I need to study for two final exams.


Transitional expressions that contrast ideas:
 however 
nevertheless
in contrast
instead
on the contrary
on the other hand
otherwise

Example: Tanya trained hard to run the marathon; however, she got sick the day before the race.


Transitional expressions that show time or sequence:
first, second, …
previously eventually
finally later meanwhile subsequently

Example: Chia vacuumed the living room; meanwhile, her brother cleaned the kitchen.


Transitional expressions that show example or emphasis:

for example 

for instance

namely

of course

undoubtedly      


Example:  Amelia plays many sports; for example, she plays soccer, basketball, and softball.


Transitional expressions that show effect:

therefore

consequently 

thus

as a result 

for this reason

hence 

ultimately


Example:  Abdulla has been acting since he was eight; consequently, he is comfortable on stage.


Transitional expressions that make a comparison:  
 likewise
similarly
in the same way
in the same manner
 
Example: Charles plays the piano professionally; likewise, his sister is a musician.